Programming language: Scala
License: Apache License 2.0
Tags: HTTP    
Latest version: v2.4.2

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Simplified Http

This is a fully featured http client for Scala which wraps java.net.HttpURLConnection


  • Zero dependencies
  • Cross compiled for Scala 2.10, 2.11, 2.12, and 2.13-M3
  • OAuth v1 request signing
  • Automatic support of gzip and deflate encodings from server
  • Easy to add querystring or form params. URL encoding is handled for you.
  • Multipart file uploads


  • Async execution
    • The library is thread safe. HttpRequest and HttpResponse are immutable. So it should be easy to wrap in an execution framework of your choice.

Works in Google AppEngine and Android environments.

Note: 2.x.x is a new major version which is both syntactically and behaviorally different than the 0.x.x version.

Previous version is branched here: https://github.com/scalaj/scalaj-http/tree/0.3.x

Big differences:

  • Executing the request always returns a HttpResponse[T] instance that contains the response-code, headers, and body
  • Exceptions are no longer thrown for 4xx and 5xx response codes. Yay!
  • Http(url) is the starting point for every type of request (post, get, multi, etc)
  • You can easily create your own singleton instance to set your own defaults (timeouts, proxies, etc)
  • Sends "Accept-Encoding: gzip,deflate" request header and decompresses based on Content-Encoding (configurable)
  • Redirects are no longer followed by default. Use .option(HttpOptions.followRedirects(true)) to change.


in your build.sbt

libraryDependencies +=  "org.scalaj" %% "scalaj-http" % "2.4.2"



If you're including this in some other public library. Do your users a favor and change the fully qualified name so they don't have version conflicts if they're using a different version of this library. The easiest way to do that is just to copy the source into your project :)


Simple Get

import scalaj.http._

val response: HttpResponse[String] = Http("http://foo.com/search").param("q","monkeys").asString

Immutable Request

Http(url) is just shorthand for a Http.apply which returns an immutable instance of HttpRequest.
You can create a HttpRequest and reuse it:

val request: HttpRequest = Http("http://date.jsontest.com/")

val responseOne = request.asString
val responseTwo = request.asString

Additive Request

All the "modification" methods of a HttpRequest are actually returning a new instance. The param(s), option(s), header(s) methods always add to their respective sets. So calling .headers(newHeaders) will return a HttpRequest instance that has newHeaders appended to the previous req.headers

Simple form encoded POST

Http("http://foo.com/add").postForm(Seq("name" -> "jon", "age" -> "29")).asString

OAuth v1 Dance and Request

Note: the .oauth(...) call must be the last method called in the request construction

import scalaj.http.{Http, Token}

val consumer = Token("key", "secret")
val response = Http("https://api.twitter.com/oauth/request_token").postForm(Seq("oauth_callback" -> "oob"))

println("Go to https://api.twitter.com/oauth/authorize?oauth_token=" + response.body.key)

val verifier = Console.readLine("Enter verifier: ").trim

val accessToken = Http("https://api.twitter.com/oauth/access_token").postForm.
  .oauth(consumer, response.body, verifier).asToken

println(Http("https://api.twitter.com/1.1/account/settings.json").oauth(consumer, accessToken.body).asString)

Parsing the response

Http("http://foo.com").{asString, asBytes, asParams}

Those methods will return an HttpResponse[String | Array[Byte] | Seq[(String, String)]] respectively

Advanced Usage Examples

Parse the response InputStream directly

val response: HttpResponse[Map[String,String]] = Http("http://foo.com").execute(parser = {inputStream =>

Post raw Array[Byte] or String data and get response code

Http(url).postData(data).header("content-type", "application/json").asString.code

Post multipart/form-data

Http(url).postMulti(MultiPart("photo", "headshot.png", "image/png", fileBytes)).asString

You can also stream uploads and get a callback on progress:

Http(url).postMulti(MultiPart("photo", "headshot.png", "image/png", inputStream, bytesInStream, 
  lenWritten => {
    println(s"Wrote $lenWritten bytes out of $bytesInStream total for headshot.png")

Stream a chunked transfer response (like an event stream)

Http("http://httpbin.org/stream/20").execute(is => {

note that you may have to wrap in a while loop and set a long readTimeout to stay connected

Send https request to site with self-signed or otherwise shady certificate


Do a HEAD request


Custom connect and read timeouts

These are set to 1000 and 5000 milliseconds respectively by default

Http(url).timeout(connTimeoutMs = 1000, readTimeoutMs = 5000).asString

Get request via a proxy

val response = Http(url).proxy(proxyHost, proxyPort).asString

Other custom options

The .option() method takes a function of type HttpURLConnection => Unit so you can manipulate the connection in whatever way you want before the request executes.

Change the Charset

By default, the charset for all param encoding and string response parsing is UTF-8. You can override with charset of your choice:


Create your own HttpRequest builder

You don't have to use the default Http singleton. Create your own:

object MyHttp extends BaseHttp (
  proxyConfig = None,
  options = HttpConstants.defaultOptions,
  charset = HttpConstants.utf8,
  sendBufferSize = 4096,
  userAgent = "scalaj-http/1.0",
  compress = true

Full API documentation

scaladocs here

Dealing with annoying java library issues

Overriding the Access-Control, Content-Length, Content-Transfer-Encoding, Host, Keep-Alive, Origin, Trailer, Transfer-Encoding, Upgrade, Via headers

Some of the headers are locked by the java library for "security" reasons and the behavior is that the library will just silently fail to set them. You can workaround by doing one of the following:

  • Start your JVM with this command line parameter: -Dsun.net.http.allowRestrictedHeaders=true
  • or, do this first thing at runtime: System.setProperty("sun.net.http.allowRestrictedHeaders", "true")


FOSSA Status

*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the scalaj-http README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.