Programming language: Scala
License: MIT License
Tags: Big Data    
Latest version: v0.3.11

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Vegas aims to be the missing MatPlotLib for the Scala and Spark world. Vegas wraps around Vega-Lite but provides syntax more familiar (and type checked) for use within Scala.

Quick start

Add the following jar as an SBT dependency

libraryDependencies += "org.vegas-viz" %% "vegas" % {vegas-version}

And then use the following code to render a plot into a pop-up window (see below for more details on controlling how and where Vegas renders).

import vegas._
import vegas.render.WindowRenderer._

val plot = Vegas("Country Pop").
      Map("country" -> "USA", "population" -> 314),
      Map("country" -> "UK", "population" -> 64),
      Map("country" -> "DK", "population" -> 80)
  encodeX("country", Nom).
  encodeY("population", Quant).


"Readme Chart 1"

See further examples here


Vegas provides several options for rendering plots. The primary focus is using Vegas within interactive notebook environments, such as Jupyter and Zeppelin. Rendering is provided via an implicit instance of ShowRender, which tells Vegas how to display the plot in a particular environment. The default instance of ShowRender uses a macro which attempts to guess your environment, but if for some reason that fails, you can specify your own instance:

// for outputting HTML, provide a function String => Unit which will receive the HTML for the plot
// and use vegas.render.ShowHTML to create an instance for it
implicit val renderer = vegas.render.ShowHTML(str => println(s"The HTML is $str"))

// to specify a function that receives the SpecBuilder instead, use vegas.render.ShowRender.using
implicit val renderer = vegas.render.ShowRender.using(sb => println(s"The SpecBuilder is $sb"))

The following examples describe some common cases; these should be handled by the default macro, but are useful to see (in case you need to construct your own instance of ShowRender):


Jupyter - Scala

If you're using jupyter-scala, then can include the following in your notebook before using Vegas.

import $ivy.`org.vegas-viz::vegas:{vegas-version}`
implicit val render = vegas.render.ShowHTML(publish(_))

Jupyter - Apache Toree

And if you're using Apache Toree, then this:

%AddDeps org.vegas-viz vegas_2.11 {vegas-version} --transitive
implicit val render = vegas.render.ShowHTML(kernel.display.content("text/html", _))


If you're using Apache Zeppelin:

implicit val render = vegas.render.ShowHTML(s => print("%html " + s))

The last line in each of the above is required to connect Vegas to the notebook's HTML renderer (so that the returned HTML is rendered instead of displayed as a string).

See a comprehensive list example notebook of plots here


Vegas can also be used to produce standalone HTML or even render plots within a built-in display app (useful if you wanted to display plots for a command-line-app).

The construction of the plot is independent from the rendering strategy: the same plot can be rendered as HTML or in a Window simply by importing a different renderer in the scope.

Note that the rendering examples below are wrapped in separate functions to avoid ambiguous implicit conversions if they were imported in the same scope.

A plot is defined as:

import vegas._

val plot = Vegas("Country Pop").
      Map("country" -> "USA", "population" -> 314),
      Map("country" -> "UK", "population" -> 64),
      Map("country" -> "DK", "population" -> 80)
  encodeX("country", Nom).
  encodeY("population", Quant).


The following renders the plot as HTML (which prints to the console).

def renderHTML = {
  println(plot.html.pageHTML) // a complete HTML page containing the plot
  println(plot.html.frameHTML("foo")) // an iframe containing the plot


Vegas also contains a self-contained display app for displaying plots (internally it uses JavaFX's HTML renderer). The following demonstrates this and can be used from the command line.

def renderWindow = {

Make sure JavaFX is installed on your system or ships with your JDK distribution.


You can print the JSON containing the Vega-lite spec, without importing any renderer in the scope.


The output JSON can be copy-pasted into the Vega-lite editor.

Spark integration

Vegas comes with an optional extension package that makes it easier to work with Spark DataFrames. First, you'll need an extra import

libraryDependencies += "org.vegas-viz" %% "vegas-spark" % "{vegas-version}"
import vegas.sparkExt._

This adds the following new method:

withDataFrame(df: DataFrame)

Each DataFrame column is exposed as a field keyed using the column's name.

Vegas also comes with an optional extension package that makes it easier to work with Flink DataSets. You'll also need to import:

libraryDependencies += "org.vegas-viz" %% "vegas-flink" % "{vegas-version}"

To use:

import vegas.flink.Flink._

This adds the following method:

withData[T <: Product](ds: DataSet[T])

Similarly, to the RDD concept in Spark, a DataSet of case classes or tuples is expected and reflection is used to map the case class' fields to fields within Vegas. In the case of tuples you can encode the fields using "_1", "_2" and so on.

Plot Options



See [the contributing guide](CONTRIBUTING.md) for more information on contributing bug fixes and features.